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The Communist Party of China and China’s Development

চীন

Masud Parvez

“中国人民站起来了” On September 21, 1949, Mao Zedong delivered the opening speech of “The Chinese People Stand Up” at the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC. he drafted a manifesto for this meeting on the 30th of the same month, and he states: “When we held the meeting, the Chinese people have already defeated their enemies, changed the face of China, and established the People’s Republic of China and the future of our nation is infinitely bright.”从此,”中国人民站起来了” “中国人民从此站立起来了! ” It has become a nation where people express their hardships through words of enormous pride, self-confidence and self-improvement to gain a new life.

Once south Asian civilizations were all highly influenced by Chinese civilization. But the arrival of European powers began. Macau came under Portuguese control in the 16th century, and nearby Hong Kong came under British control in the 1840s. In the 19th century, internal revolutions and foreign intervention weakened the Qing Dynasty, the last dynasty in China. In 1911, the Chinese nationalists finally overthrew the monarchy. After the May 4, 1919 movement, Marxist thought began to spread widely in China. In June 1920, Gregory arrived in China on behalf of the Communist International and met with other reformists, including Li Dazhao. The Communist Party of China was initially founded in 1921 by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao as an informal organization in the French colony of Shanghai. In 1920, various inform l groups existed in China and outside China, but the first formal beginning of the Communist Party was on July 1, 1921, with the First Party Congress. A total of 53 members attended the first congress of the party held in Shanghai. It was at this time that the party was first officially named “Communist Party of China” (中国共产党) and different names for different communist groups were omitted.

Mainly the history of the People’s Republic of China includes the history of mainland China since October 1, 1949, when the Chinese Socialist Party (CPC or “Communist Party of China”) won the Chinese Civil War, and Mao Zedong Became the head of state of the People’s Republic of China.

Tiananmen Square is actually the fertile land of today’s China, and Mao Zedong sowed the seeds of that development with his own hands. In the 100 years from July 1, 1921 to July 1, 2021, the Chinese Communist Party has set a shining example in the history of the world.

China has finally recognized its superiority by challenging nearly 150 years of US monopoly power. It is not about military power; but the economy.

Here I would like to mention some examples of their wonderful achievements during these 100 years of CPC.

The Three World Theory and Post-Mao China’s Global Strategy:

Chairman Mao Zedong’s Theory on the Division of the Three World and the Strategy of Forming an Alliance Against an opponent is the biggest step to take China at the top of the world mechanism.

“In his first appearance at the United Nations in April 1974, Vice-Premier Deng Xiaoping drew world-wide attention with his speech differentiating the three political forces in international politics. Now the famous Three World theory, though accredited to Mao Zedong by the Chinese leaders, was first most clearly and explicitly presented by Deng in this UN speech.’ The concept postulated that the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, constituted the First World; the developing countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and other regions together formed the Third World; and the developed countries between the two made up the Second World.’ Deng declared vehemently that China belonged to the Third World. This view of world order subsequently became standard rhetoric in.”

Dr Yee is Assistant Professor of the International Christian University in Mitaka, Tokyo.

(International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944)

Vol. 59, No. 2 (Spring, 1983), pp. 239-249 (11 pages)

Published By: Oxford University Press

In February 1974, Chairman Mao Zedong set forth his strategic thinking of the division of the three worlds. He observed, “In my view, the United States and the Soviet Union belong to the first world. The in-between Japan, Europe and Canada belong to the second world. The third world is very populous. Except Japan, Asia belongs to the third world.”

(Ministry of the foreign affairs of the people’s republic of China website)

Mr. Desjardins said, “Anywhere can come a great deal of change. The perception of tomorrow has begun somewhere today and that truly has come true, this is modern China. The one and only idol for all over the world. That we think for tomorrow it already has started in China today. In every sector China is getting developed because of its own characteristics and specialties.

China is overwhelming for some special reasons:

China in space mission: Chinese scientists claim that the Chinese spacecraft has landed successfully on the Moon-Zhang A-4 on the Moon surface. This is considered a great achievement for China’s space program. China launched its space station program in the 2011 year.

China in Mar’s mission: China’s first Mars rover has driven down its landing platform to roam the on the surface of the red planet. Rover Zhurong, left its module for the first time on Saturday (May 22) morning 2021. (The guardian)

Solar power generation: Solar power generation in China is about 130 GW. The world’s largest solar power project is also located in this Far East country. The power generation capacity of this power plant in the Tenzert Desert of China is 1500 MW. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), about 60 percent of the world’s solar panels are made in China.

China Reduces Gender Inequality: China had a socially planned economy that promoted gender equality before 1978. The dramatic changes in the country’s economy between 1990 and 2000 exacerbated gender inequality in the country’s labor market. Gender inequality in China is relatively low on a global scale. China was ranked 40th out of 187 countries in the 2014 report on gender inequality.

(Gender Inequality Index” United Nations Development Programme)

Led by BRIC Alliance: China is leading the BRIC or Brazil, Russia, China and India alliances. BRICS is an association of emerging national economies named after five important states: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The union was originally known as the “BRICS” before South Africa was incorporated in 2010.

China in the military sector: The defense website Military Direct conducted a survey to test the strength of the armies of the world’s most powerful nations. The results of that study have recently been published under the name ‘Ultimate Military Strength Index’. China topped the index with 72 points out of 100. The United States (64 points) is the second largest spender in the military.

(Ananda bazar news)

The new silk road: The Silk Road is a trade route introduced by China.  In ancient times, Chinese silk and silk cloth were sent from China to Central Asia via South Asia, West Asia, Europe and North Africa, so this route is known as the Silk Road.  The Silk Road dates back to the first century BC during the Han Dynasty of China.  In the 10th century, during the Song Dynasty of China, the use of the Silk Road as a means of transportation was stopped. in 2014, China took the initiative to launch the New Silk Road.

One belt one road: One belt, one road (Chinese: 一带一路) is a development strategy and structure adopted by the People’s Republic of China. It is also known as Belt and Road Initiative in English. The structure, proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping, focuses on communication and cooperation between countries, particularly the People’s Republic of China, and the remaining two main components – the land-based Silk Road Economic Belt and the rest of Eurasia.

AIIB: The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is an international financial institution proposed by China. AIIB is seen as an alternative to the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank because, in AIIB’s view, they are influenced by developed countries, mainly the United States and Japan.

Covid-19 and China’s Economy: “The foundation of China’s economy is like a hard rock; the virus can’t beat it.” Mr. Zhou one Chinese citizen told. The Center for Economics and Business Research (CEBR), a UK-based organization says, the coronavirus epidemic and its economic response have worked in China’s favor. The CEBR says the way China has handled the coronavirus crisis will result in a two percent growth in China’s economy.

Now the touch of its development in China is leading the world beyond its boundaries. The whole world today seeks peace like the peace of China. And this is the greatest achievement of China. China has won the hearts of people all over the world.

Masud Parvez, Journalist and columnist

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